With the establishment of child protection services and welfare for children, governments such as the UK's have played a big role in the protection of minors. The twofold purpose of the child protection policy is to protect children from harm by their families and to create safe havens for abused children at home (Domoney, Howard, Abas, Broadbent and Oram 2015).
- Some of the terms used in the efforts to protect children are unclear whether these acts are indeed human trafficking even though they reflect a form of slavery. Hence this makes it challenging for scholars to draw the line on the extent of their studies and revelations in terms of human trafficking. The following terms are often associated with the protection of children and are used to explain the language in more detail
Abuse and Neglect of Children: any recent or omitted act by a parental figure or caregiver, which has resulted in the untimely passing, and/or severe physical or mental harm, sexual exploitation abuse or acts or failures which have resulted in the child being placed in immediate danger or being neglected. This definition can differ depending on the state in which it is enacted.
Child Protection: a public body that provides protection services to cause significant harm to children and another child in the household, to stabilize the child's setting and, if possible, to maintain healthy family life.
Coercion: the threat of serious damage or physical restriction of an individual; any strategies or plans designed to cause an individual to suspect that the performance of action causes severe injury or bodily restriction to an individual.
Exploitation of a child for sexual commercial purposes: the use of an individual, who is under the legal age of consent, for a purpose that is sexual in nature and necessitates the exchange of favours or cash; can occur between a customer and a child; the customer in this sense being either a trafficker or a family member, who wishes to attain a profit from the sexual exploitation of the minor.
Force: the use of any type of physical strength, such as controlling the victim or rape, confinement or beating of a victim. Fraud: Offers that, whilst promising an opportunity for financial stability, lead the victim into situations which place them as a victim of human trafficking. Women and children, for example, respond to announcements that offer promising work opportunities such as dancers, maids, and waitresses in other nations, and then engage in forced service, labour, pornography, or prostitution when they reach their goal.
Harbour: to obtain or keep someone in a location in the violation of their legal human rights (Joachim 2019). It is questionable whether all the terms or scenarios above should be used in relation to human trafficking. For example, much as some form of neglect by a parent in a home may amount to slavery, it may not amount to human trafficking of a child.